Lord Cork, then known simply as Richard Boyle, had arrived in Dublin from England in during the Tudor plantations of Ireland and obtained an appointment as a deputy escheator. He had amassed enormous wealth and landholdings by the time Robert was born, and had been created Earl of Cork in October Boyle received private tutoring in Latin, Greek, and French and when he was eight years old, following the death of his mother, he was sent to Eton College in England. During this time, his father hired a private tutor, Robert Carew, who had knowledge of Irishto act as private tutor to his sons in Eton.
He was best known as a natural philosopher, particularly in the field of chemistrybut his scientific work covered many areas including hydrostaticsphysicsmedicineearth sciencesnatural history, and alchemy. His prolific output also included Christian devotional and ethical essays and theological tracts on biblical language, the limits of reasonand the role of the natural philosopher as a Christian.
He sponsored many religious missions as well as the translation of the Scriptures into several languages. In he helped found the Royal Society of London. Early life and education Boyle was born into one of the wealthiest families in Britain.
He was the 14th child and 7th son of Richard Boyle, the 1st earl of Corkby his second wife, Catherine, daughter of Sir Geoffrey Fenton, secretary of state for Ireland.
At age eight, Boyle began his formal education at Eton Collegewhere his studious nature quickly became apparent. In he and his brother Francis embarked on a grand tour of the continent together with their tutor Isaac Marcombes.
Inowing to the Irish rebellionFrancis returned home while Robert remained with his tutor in Geneva and pursued further studies. Boyle returned to England inwhere he took up residence at his hereditary estate of Stalbridge in Dorset.
There he began a literary career writing ethical and devotional tracts, some of which employed stylistic and rhetorical models drawn from French popular literatureespecially romance writings.
In he began investigating nature via scientific experimentation, a process that enthralled him. From until the mids, Boyle remained in close contact with a group of natural philosophers and social reformers gathered around the intelligencer Samuel Hartlib.
Scientific career Boyle spent much of —54 in Ireland overseeing his hereditary lands, and he also performed some anatomic dissections.
In he was invited to Oxfordand he took up residence at the university from c. In Oxford he was exposed to the latest developments in natural philosophy and became associated with a group of notable natural philosophers and physicians, including John Wilkins, Christopher Wrenand John Locke.
In he and Robert Hookethe clever inventor and subsequent curator of experiments for the Royal Society, completed the construction of their famous air pump and used it to study pneumatics. Boyle and Hooke discovered several physical characteristics of air, including its role in combustionrespiration, and the transmission of sound.
Other natural philosophers, including Henry Power and Richard Towneley, concurrently reported similar findings about air. Among his most influential writings were The Sceptical Chymistwhich assailed the then-current Aristotelian and especially Paracelsian notions about the composition of matter and methods of chemical analysisand the Origine of Formes and Qualitieswhich used chemical phenomena to support the corpuscularian hypothesis.
Boyle also maintained a lifelong pursuit of transmutational alchemyendeavouring to discover the secret of transmuting base metals into gold and to contact individuals believed to possess alchemical secrets.
He sponsored educational and missionary activities and wrote a number of theological treatises. Boyle was deeply concerned about the widespread perception that irreligion and atheism were on the rise, and he strove to demonstrate ways in which science and religion were mutually supportive.
There he set up an active laboratory, employed assistants, received visitors, and published at least one book nearly every year. Living in London also provided him the opportunity to participate actively in the Royal Society. Boyle was a genial man who achieved both national and international renown during his lifetime.
He was offered the presidency of the Royal Society in and the episcopacy but declined both. Throughout his adult life, Boyle was sickly, suffering from weak eyes and hands, recurring illnesses, and one or more strokes.
He left his papers to the Royal Society and a bequest for establishing a series of lectures in defense of Christianity. These lectures, now known as the Boyle Lectures, continue to this day.Who Was Charles Darwin? Charles Robert Darwin (February 12, to April 19, ) was a naturalist and biologist known for his theory of evolution and the process of natural selection.
Robert Boyle FRS (/ b ɔɪ l /; 25 January – 31 December ) was an Anglo-Irish natural philosopher, chemist, physicist, and caninariojana.com is largely regarded today as the first modern chemist, and therefore one of the founders of modern chemistry, and one of the pioneers of modern experimental scientific caninariojana.com is best known for Boyle's law, which describes the inversely.
Robert Boyle: Robert Boyle, Anglo-Irish natural philosopher and theological writer, a preeminent figure of 17th-century intellectual culture. He was best known as a natural philosopher, particularly in the field of chemistry, but his work covered many areas, and he .
Charles Darwin was the originator of the biological theory of evolution. Learn more at caninariojana.com Explore the history and discoveries of Isaac Newton, including his work in mathematics and optics and his groundbreaking laws of motion, at caninariojana.com + free ebooks online.
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