Academic writing style rules to live by

For the essay about over-citing obvious things, see Wikipedia: State facts that may be obvious to you, but are not necessarily obvious to the reader. Usually, such a statement will be in the first sentence or two of the article. For example, consider this sentence:

Academic writing style rules to live by

December 15, 1. The most fundamental way to simplify writing is to use simpler words.

academic writing style rules to live by

Simple words—whether verbs, nouns or adjectives—tend to have broader connotations, while complicated words have more specific meanings.

Thus, you have a lower margin for error when using simpler words. Substitute a less familiar word with a more readily understandable one. Rewrite the following sentences by expressing the ideas more simply: The hurricane destroyed almost all structures along the coastline.

Most homes were destroyed when water and wind joined forces to rip off roofs and collapse walls.

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One way to make your writing clearer is to limit the use of long sentences. The easiest way to do this is to divide a long sentence into two or more shorter sentences. Using shorter sentences does not mean that all sentences should be short.

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This would create a choppy style and is precisely where the art of writing comes into play. You must judge how to weave short sentences with longer ones, as well as how to use sentence variety. Practice by breaking this long sentence into short ones: Leadership—whether on the battlefield or in another area, such as politics or business—can take place either by example or command, and Alexander the Great, renowned in both history and legend, is a good example of a military leader who led by both command and personal example, whereas Gandhi and Mother Teresa, both famous for their devotion to great causes, provide instances of people leading primarily by the power of inspiring personal example.

Tiresome writing occurs when a writer needlessly repeats a word or an idea. Redundant words or phrases are those that can be eliminated without changing the meaning of the sentence. Rewrite the following sentence, cutting out redundancies: Employees should be ready, willing and able to adhere to the company dress code and not wear casual clothes when more formal attire is required.

Occasional use of qualifiers will let the reader know you are reasonable, but using such modifiers too often weakens your writing.

Frequently Asked Questions for Parenthetical/In-Text Citations

Excessive qualification makes you sound hesitant and adds bulk without adding substance. Rewrite the following sentence, cutting out any excessive qualification: Do you underline book titles? Rewrite the following sentence, cutting out needless self-reference: My own experience shows me that alcohol is a fine social lubricant.

In general, active voice is stronger than passive voice because the active voice is more direct and cuts down on the number of needed words. Rewrite the following sentence, replacing the passive voice with active words: In premodern times, medical surgery was often performed by inexperienced and ill-equipped practitioners.

Nominalization is a fancy-sounding but important concept in writing. Improve the following sentence by replacing nouns and adjectives with verbs: The difficulty of course work and the pressure of grading should not discourage students from pursuing new academic ventures.

Parallelism in writing means expressing similar parts of a sentence in a consistent way. Elements alike in function should be alike in construction. Parallelism is an important element of style because it builds clarity and power.

Note the following sentence in parallel form: Now you try it: Rewrite the following sentence using parallel structure: All business students learn the basics of accounting, marketing fundamentals and how to do manufacturing.Numbers that Are Spelled Out.

Please note that there are some exceptions to the rules outlined below. As with other grammar rules, rules for writing numbers change according to certain style guides (i.e. Chicago Manual of Style, AP, MLA, etc.).However, here are some general rules for spelling out numbers.

What is academic writing? - OWLL - Massey University

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The Latin scientific name of a species, be it plant, animal, bacterium, fungus, etc., is a two-part name consisting of the genus name first (by the way: one genus, two genera) and the species name second.

HOW TO – Format papers in standard academic format (using Microsoft Word) | Digital Writing