Judaism — "religion, philosophy, and way of life" of the Jewish people. Originating in the Hebrew Bible also known as the Tanach and explored in later texts such as the Talmud, it is considered by religious Jews to be the expression of the covenantal relationship God developed with the Children of Israel. Jewish law — the collective body of Jewish religious laws derived from the Written and Oral Torah. Christianity — monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus as presented in canonical gospels and other New Testament writings.
Hinduism and Islam, A Comparison of Beliefs and Practices by Jayaram V Islam originated in the desert sands of Arabia as a reaction against prevailing native traditions based on the revelations received by Prophet Muhammad. Hinduism originated in the temperate climate of the Indian subcontinent as a result of the synthesis of different indigenous and foreign traditions and in continuation of the prehistoric religious beliefs of lost civilizations.
Although founded by a prophet, in Islam we find echoes of ancient Judo Christian beliefs, with some deviations that are unsettling for both.
If in Islam we find the vibrancy of a young and recent religion that is intent upon conquering the world in its Belief systems islam and hinduism to embrace the humanity, in Hinduism we find the patience and tolerance of an ancient tradition, which is willing to let the world takes its own time to appreciate its wisdom and understand its universal appeal.
Definition and Antiquity The word "Islam" is derived from the Arabic root word "salaama," 1 meaning peace, obedience, purity, and submission. Islam means abiding peace and unconditional obedience to the will of God and His divine law. While other religions derive their names from either a tribe Judaismor a geographical area Hinduismor a founder Zoroastrianism, Buddhism and ChristianityIslam derives its name from its central doctrine of peace and submission to God.
Thus the chief message of Islam is hidden in its very name. While the followers of other religions may call themselves as Christians, Jains, Buddhists etc. Islam by all means is a religion founded by a prophet. Hinduism, in contrast, is a group of religious traditions, established over a period of time, through the revelations received by innumerable saints, seers, incarnations and emanations of God.
It contains various traditions such as Saivism, Vaishnavism and Shaktism that are religions by themselves.
In Hinduism personalities do not count as much as the divine law or the dharma. So it is in Islam, where the message of Islam is far more important than the person of Muhammad himself.
Muslims therefore do not worship their prophet, unlike the Christians. The word "Hindu" or "Hindoo" is derived from the Sanskrit root word "Sindhu" and used by Persians, ancient Greeks and many foreigners to denote the people who lived beyond the river Indus, whom Alexander could not conquer.
During the medieval period, Islamic scholars and Muslim travelers referred the Indian subcontinent as Hindustan or the land of the Hindus. The word stuck for several centuries and throughout the Islamic Caliphate.
During the British rule, the word Hindu was used to distinguish the native Indians who were not Christians, nor Muslims, nor Sikhs, nor Jains, nor Buddhists. The word Hinduism was coined in the s by British scholars to denote the religious traditions of the native Indians to distinguish them from other recognized religions.
While they are now popular all over the world under the generic name Hinduism, for generations Hindus recognized their religious traditions as aspects of one eternal Truth that went by the name "sanatana dharma" or eternal law.
It is interesting that for over years, Hinduism went by many names but Hinduism. Sources of Doctrine The message of Islam came to Muhammad for the first time through the angel Gabriel, when he was 40 years old, in the year AD, on Mount Hira, near Jabal alNur, the Mountain of Light, in a cave, where he usually used meditate.
He continued to receive the revelations for the rest of his life, which were compiled into the Qu'ran, the chief holy book of Islam. The word Qu'ran means something that is read or recited. For the Muslims, it is the inviolable and unchangeable law of God. Every word in it is believed to be the "actual and literal" word of God that cannot be interpreted other than what it is.
Divided into chapters surahscontaining verses ayats and composed in beautiful poetic Arabic, it is recited in every household of the Islamic world and memorized by many by heart.
The second most important text of Islam is Hadith, which contains the sayings and deeds of Muhammad, known popularly as Sunnah the well trodden path. While the Qu'ran is indisputable, the statements of the Hadith often pose problems to the Muslim scholars with regard to their interpretation.Christian faith groups Menu Christian theological belief systems.
Sponsored link. Classifying Christian faith groups and belief systems: Today, there are many ways of classifying the over 1, faith groups in North America . 3. Sponsored link. Overview: The Ethic of Reciprocity -- often called the Golden Rule-- simply states that all of us are to treat other people as we would wish other people to treat us in return..
On April 5 each year, the International Golden Rule Day will be observed as a global virtual celebration. Hinduism versus Islam comparison chart; Hinduism Islam; Place of worship: Temple (Mandir) Mosque/masjid, any place which is considered clean by Islamic standards.
Belief of God: Many gods, but realize that they all come from Atman.
Only one God (monotheism). God is the one True Creator. God has always existed, none existed before him and will exist forever. Types of Religion is an online educational resource for all the religions of the world.
Learn about Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and more. Christianity And Islam: Religion Or Belief System Words | 10 Pages. Behind every religion or belief system, there is a story. In monotheistic religions, the story usually begins with a god, who created the heavens, the earth, the inferno and all that abides within these three realms.
Jun 16, · The firm faith of Islam, the infinite love of Christianity, the tolerance towards other religions of Hinduism, the social service of Bhuddhism and the non violence of Jainism are important virtues of the spiritualism.