Tourism has become the bread and butter industry for many countries blessed with amazing beaches, oceans and mountains. Visitors from around the world enjoy the hot spots and indulge in numerous adventure sports.
Environmental impacts of tourism in the Caribbean Ecotourismnature tourismwildlife tourismand adventure tourism take place in environments such as rain forestshigh alpine, wildernesslakes and rivers, coastlines and marine environments, as well as rural villages and coastline resorts.
Peoples' desire for more authentic and challenging experiences results in their destinations becoming more remote, to the few remaining pristine and natural environments left on the planet.
The positive impact of this can be an increased awareness of environmental stewardship. There are direct and indirect impacts, immediate and long-term impacts, and there are impacts that are both proximal and distal to the tourist destination.
These impacts can be separated into three categories: Facility impacts[ edit ] Facility impacts occur when a regional area evolves from "exploration" to "involvement" and then into the "development" stage of the tourist area life cycle.
As the destination develops, more tourists seek out the experience. Their impacts increase accordingly.
The requirement for water for washing, waste disposaland drinking increases. Rivers can be altered, excessively extracted, and polluted by the demands of tourists.
Noise pollution has the capacity to disturb wildlife and alter behavior, and light pollution can disrupt the feeding and reproductive behaviour of many creatures. When power is supplied by diesel or gasoline generators there is additional noise and pollution. General waste and garbage are also a result of the facilities.
As more tourists arrive there is an increase in food and beverages consumed, which in turn creates waste plastic and non-biodegradable products.
Tourist activities[ edit ] Turtle riding was a popular tourist activity in the s and s. These activities, such as hikingtrekkingkayakingbird watchingwildlife safarissurfingsnorkellingand scuba-diving all affect the local ecology.
Example of a Safari tour in Kenya There are a range of impacts from hiking, trekking, and camping that directly affect the activity area. The most obvious is the erosion and compaction of the trail itself.
The daily use of the trail by hikers the trail wears the trail down and compacts it. If there are any obstacles such as fallen trees or puddles of mud, then the trail becomes widened or informal trails are created to bypass the obstacle.
There are similar impacts on campgrounds such as soil compaction, erosion and composition, loss of vegetation and foliage, plus the additional issues of campfires for cooking and warmth. Informal trails are created around the campsite in order to collect firewood and water, and trees and saplings can be trampled, damaged, or cut-down for fuel.
The heat of campfires may damage tree-root systems. As with most recreation activities, including hiking and camping, there will be waste generated, food scraps, and human waste. This can cause human-wildlife interactions, such as the habituation of wildlife to human contact and unusual food sources.
This can have a detrimental effect on the wildlife and pose dangers for the human. Provision for deposit, collection, and removal of all waste will also have a direct impact on the local environment.
Another activity that can have severe direct and indirect impacts on the environment is wildlife viewing. This happens in a range of formats, on land and in the ocean. Wildlife safaris in African countries such as KenyaBotswanaand Tanzania have been popular for many years.The infographic below was designed to convey the economic benefits of ecotourism, define the terminology used in the travel industry, and describe the differences in how local communities specifically benefit from ecotourism versus traditional (mass) tourism.
Tourism is a vital tool for conservation of natural systems, contributes to sustainable development of local communities and creating communities about sharing experiences. But if this activity is disorganized, uncontrolled and poorly planned can cause damage to both, environmental and cultural.
THE IMPACTS OF TOURISM INDUSTRY ON HOST COMMUNITY Mansour Esmaeil Zaei PhD Scholar, Department of Public Administration, Panjab University, Chandigarh, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL IMPACT OF TOURISM Local communities can mix with people from diverse backgrounds with different. travel and tourism demand was expected to total opment on the standard of living of local people % real growth in , and % real growth in Egypt.
per annum between and (WTTC, ). Tourism Management 20 () — Case study Ecotourism and the empowerment of local communities Regina Scheyvens* School of Global Studies, Massey University, PO Box , Palmerston North, New Zealand.
The Cultural Impacts of Tourism on the Host Communities Essay Words | 5 Pages. The cultural impacts of tourism on the host communities The impact that tourism has on the cultural lives of communities is one of the most important issues debated by tourism researchers and academics today.