Pontifix Maximus is a papal title meaning in Latin "chief bridge maker" between earth and heaven. However, Jesus Christ is the only One who can claim this title because "no man cometh unto the Father, but by me. This was a title of the Roman Caesars and of the Roman Emperors of paganism.
Would you like to merge this question into it? MERGE already exists as an alternate of this question.
Would you like to make it the primary and merge this question into it? MERGE exists and is an alternate of. He knew that it was impossible to say when Jesus was born, but he knew, or thought he knew, when Herod died. So, he devised the new Christian calendar to begin on the year of Herod's death.
He based the date of Herod's death on the reign of the Roman emperor Augustus, but was unaware that Augustus only adopted that name four years after his reign began, going by his birth name of Octavius until then.
However, Matthew' Gospel says that Herod sent the wise men to Bethlehem because he feared the birth of a rival, and when the wise men did not return, he killed all the infants under two years old. Since Herod died as an old man in 4 BCE, this event must have occurred some years earlier, when he was still young enough to expect to rule for several more years and to worry about Jesus growing up and challenging him.
His concern was clearly not for the succession of his son, as he later demonstrated that he was not overly concerned about Archelaus succeeding him. In fact he recommended to the Romans that Archelaus only succeed him in the territory of Judea, with his other sons succeeding him in other territories that Rome had granted Herod.
In other words nobody knows. In all the detail in the Additional Input section which follows this section, there are some missing facts: Herod was king of the Jewish people, and although he had cut a deal with Augustus, and was tributary to Rome, he was an absolute monarch within his territory and responsible for its internal security and rule.
There were no Roman governors above him. On Herod's death in 4 BCE, Augustus split his kingdom into petty states to prevent any unified Jewish unrest and Herod's son Archelaus inherited the area which included Judaea as Ethnarch - not king, but ruler of the local Judaean people.
These became disenchanted with him and persuaded Augustus to depose him in 6 CE. To avoid further trouble, Augustus appointed a Roman as Prefect to rule Judaea as a sub-province, under the Governor of Syria province, Quirinius mis-spelt Cyrennius.
With this new local status of direct Roman rule, it was necessary to establish the basis for Roman taxation as opposed to the system of the Ethnarch. So it was necessary for Quirinius, Governor of Syria, to conduct a census for taxation purposes. So this was a census where, without modern records, people had to move to their place of origin to register, which is what brought Joseph to Bethlehem - not a routine tax census.
That is the setting for Luke's version.The first references made to Jesus in literary documents other than Christian writings are those by Hellenist and Roman historians who lived during the second half of the first century or the first half of the second, and therefore not long after the events took place.
According to the Bible, God killed or authorized the killings of up to 25 million people. This is the God of which Jesus was an integral part. Do Any First Century Historians Mention the Jesus of Christianity?
by Kenneth Harding, "caninariojana.com is a good source? A contemporary historian -- that is to say, an historian that lived and wrote during the time in which Christ is said to have lived. On this page you will find authentic quotes and excerpts from numerous Roman Catholic documents, articles, sermons, book excerpts, and Television for your evangelical research.
It is an irony of history that the only surviving reference to him in a pagan document mentions him because of the sentence of death he passed on Jesus the Messiah.
Suetonius: Roman historian and court official during the reign of the Emperor Hadrian. The historicity of Jesus concerns the degree to which sources show Jesus of Nazareth existed as a historical caninariojana.com concerns the issue of "what really happened", based upon the context of the time and place, and also the issue of how modern observers can come to know "what really happened".
A second issue is closely tied to historical research practices and methodologies for analyzing the.