Essay Sample To understand the failure of the rebellion we need to see the nature of Irish society prior to the rebellion. The turbulences of the s resulted in the arrogation of about all land owned by Catholics.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Essay Sample To understand the failure of the rebellion we need to consider the nature of Irish society prior to the rebellion. The upheavals of the s resulted in the confiscation of almost all land owned by Catholics.
The vast majority of Catholics and many dissenters lived an impoverished existence on the land and was bound to cause later unrest. It also caused the need to withdraw British troops from Ireland and send them to America.
The Irish Government was based on a thoroughly undemocratic franchise controlled by individual aristocrats and by the British government through the patronage system. They were unwilling to permit Catholic emancipation while the more liberal members of the ruling class sought to improve the the rights of Dissenters and Catholics.
Their leadership consisted of well-educated liberal members of the Protestant Ascendency, landed Catholic gentry and wealthy Presbyterians and demanded Irish independence and Catholic and dissenter rights.
They went underground and decided that an insurrection was necessary in order to establish an Irish Republic and reorganized themselves. They set up a cell structure in order to facilitate preparations for an insurrection.
They sent emissaries across Ireland, Scotland and into the British navy. Crucially, they absorbed the Defenders, the main Catholic rural organization.
In December14, The 1798 irish rebellion essay were sent to Ireland but delays, violent storms, indecisiveness and poor seamanship prevented a landing and the French fleet were forced to return home.
The brutal disarming of Ulster inwhere the United Irishmen had successfully radicalised both Protestants and Catholics, saw thousands of Catholics driven from counties Antrim, Down and Armagh and the murder, torture and imprisonment of hundreds of Protestants suspected of being United Irishmen sympathisers.
The placement of informants within the United Irishmen enabled the Government to carry out raids and confiscate weapons and arrest several leaders in Dublin in March The plan was to rebel in Dublin first and then quickly spread to the surrounding counties.
Effectively, the armed uprising nucleus had imploded in Dublin but the rebellion spread to the surrounding areas.
In the end, the rising was isolated to certain areas, most spectacularly in the southeast and Wexford in particular. In Ulster, the working class were the backbone of the rising in which 27, turned out but the middle class elements in the leadership in Antrim and Down delayed setting a date for rebellion4.
On June 7, the United Irishmen in Antrim and Down finally rebelled briefly occupying Antrim town, Ballymena, Kells and other towns before government troops forced a retreat.
In Down 7, rebels fought staunchly before being defeated on June The undue delay in starting the rebellion in Ulster was to prove costly. The rebellion essentially consisted of a series of uncoordinated uprisings throughout Ireland and in many cases they were based on local grievances rather than on an overall military strategy.
However, in the southeast the rebels had a number of notable successes but finally were defeated. Eventually small French fleets arrived in Mayo and Donegal in August and October but it was a matter of too little too late for it to be effective since the rebellion was virtually over.
While it is obvious that the rising was a failure, the causes are complex and intertwined. Contributing factors include the penetration of the United Irishmen by government spies; delays in setting the date for insurrection which sapped moral; the ferocity of repression, especially in Ulster where the United Irishmen were strongest; and the brutal disarming of rebels in Ulster in severely weakened the impact of Ulster in the rebellion.
The constant raids on rebels homes and arms dumps deprived the rebels of essential arms and thereby weakened their military strength. In Dublin the collapse and disintegration of the leadership meant that they were unable to impose any properly organised control of the rebellion.
It could be argued that the United Irishmen over planned for the rebellion and as such were unable to quickly adapt and change plans when suitable opportunities arose.
The highly democratic structure of the United Irishmen also meant that decisions were slow to be made and so strong leadership was absent. The late arrival of the French forces was also a contributory factor.The Rebellion was one of the most traumatic periods in recent Irish history. While documentary evidence for the majority of participants and victims is patchy there are three lists of c.
8, people from this period, which were published between There were many reasons why the rebellion of started in Ireland. One reason was that there was discrimination against certain religions and certain groups who were not rich.
In the s, groups such as the Presbyterians and the Catholics were denied many of . Feb 17, · The rebellion, and its aftermath, shattered existing relationships within Ireland, awakened ancient fears and evoked memories of . The Irish Rebellion: The rebellion, begun 24 May, , ultimately failed and resulted in the execution of 34 of its key leaders and supporters and ultimately led to the Act of Union of , in which Ireland was fully brought under the governmental control of .
The United Irishmen And The Rebellion. Authors • 1 min read • Post rating: /5. Junior Certificate History HL + OL. View Edit Create new ; Background and causes. Irish Parliament controlled by Protestant Ascendancy (C of I only 15% and most of the land) Penal laws left Catholics poor and uneducated.
Historical events in See what famous, scandalous and important events happened in or search by date or keyword. May 24 Irish Rebellion of led by the United Irishmen against British rule begins; Jun 7 Thomas Malthus publishes the first edition of his influential 'Essay on the Principle of Population' (date of the unsigned.