German Atrocities in Belgium One factor that had a major influence on American public opinion was the invasion of neutral Belgium and stories of German atrocities in the country which shocked and outraged the Americans. Stories of unarmed civilians being killed and small towns being destroyed circulated throughout the press. Although some of the stories were British propaganda, they left a strong anti-German sentiment among Americans.
Today I found out what started World War I. In fact, the Emperor Franz Josef himself expressed relief over the assassination because it rid him of an heir whom he deeply disliked.
On Sunday and Monday, the crowds in Vienna listened to music and drank wine as if nothing had happened. Somewhat ironically, the spark that set it all off was the assassination that nobody really cared about. So why go to war over an assassination, if nobody cared?
With the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife on June 28th,Austria-Hungary was able to secure the promise from Germany that it would aid in a war with Serbia and possibly Russia, if Russia chose to enter the fray due to their treaty with Serbia. It should be noted here that Austria-Hungary did not really expect Russia to enter the fray as they expected this to be a very small war that would be over quickly, before Russia would be obligated to respond.
Surprisingly, Serbia responded relatively well to the ultimatum, but they did dispute a few minor clauses, which gave Austria-Hungary the excuse they needed to go to war. Germany, with the recent treaty with Austria-Germany, declares war on Russia. France, bound by an existing treaty with Russia, now is at war with Germany by association.
Germany then invades Belgium to have easy access to France. Britain, allied to France with an existing treaty, declares war against Germany. This was unexpected by Germany as they expected Britain to stay out of the war, due to the fact that the treaty with France was loosely worded and not entirely binding.
However, Britain also had a 75 year old treaty with Belgium. So because of both of these treaties, they decided to declare war on Germany. Japan honors an existing treaty with Britain and declares war on Germany.
Austria-Hungary declare war on Japan for declaring war on Germany. So in the end, a small quick war over a minor land dispute got turned into a lengthy war that was joined by powers all over the globe due to a variety of existing treaties dating back as much as 75 years before the war started.Jul 06, · Winter saw the French launch their first major offensive to break the trench stalemate of the Western Front.
But the First Battle of Champagne led to heavy losses for no real gains. International Encyclopedia of the First World War.
Mulligan, William: The Historiography of the Origins of the First World War, in: online.
International Encyclopedia of the First World War. Williamson, Jr., Samuel R.: The Way to War, in: online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War. Long Term Causes and Human Agency. Most books about the causes of World War One examine the underlying or long term causes; the rival alliances, the armaments race, imperial ambitions, domestic issues, cultural trends, and overseas and economic competition, vast impersonal forces.
Define World War I terminology. Describe the path to world war. Know important events before the Great War.
Describe and the beginning of the war. Know the major battles of the Great War--The Western Front. Know the major battles of the Great War--Eastern and Italian Fronts. Know the major battles of the Great War--Beyond Europe. Two hundred and fifty years ago this winter, European courts and diplomats were moving ever closer to war.
It would prove larger, more brutal, and costlier than anyone anticipated, and it would have an outcome more decisive than any war in the previous three centuries.
The First World War has sometimes been labelled, with reason, "a family affair". This is derived from the reality that many of the European monarchies - many of which fell during the war (including those of Russia, Germany and Austria-Hungary) - were inter-related.